The Shroud of Turin History is an interesting journey of how a sacred shroud came to be and the different odds it had to face to get to where it is today.
This shroud documents both the life and the death of the man they called Jesus Christ. This article will document the journey of the Shroud of Jesus and how it continues to make it’s journey today.
The Shroud of Turin is a cloth that displays the image of a man that seems to have suffered extreme physical abuse. This image also has evidence that the man in the cloth was crucified, many people believe that the man is Jesus Christ.
In the Gospel, it was stated that after Jesus was crucified, that his body was wrapped in a linen cloth and then the body was placed inside a tomb. After the tomb was opened, it was believed that the apostle, Peter, found the shroud and brought it to Edessa, Turkey. It was believed that the shroud was lost and wasn’t found again until an emperor from Byzantine commanded his army to bring it to Constantinople.
In 1204, records showed that Constantinople was attacked by the Fourth Crusade, a band of European knights. Apparently, the knights brought the cloth to Margaret De Charne in France. She decided to hand it over to the Savoy Family. In 1532, the shroud was slightly damaged in the Savoy Cathedral in France. It was later moved to a chapel in Turin, Italy. Where it has remained on display. The Shroud of Turin History continued while on display.
While on display, an Italian amateur photographer, by the name of Secondo Pia, asked for permission to take a picture of the shroud. When he developed the film, he was astounded at what he saw. His negative plate of the shot showed the image of a man. Many people did not believe what they saw and accused him of boosting the image of the photographs. Professional photographers would later confirm what Pia had originally observed. First in 1931, Giuseppe Enrie, confirmed his finding. Later in 1978 it was Pellicori and Miller.
In 1903, a French professor of Comparative Anatomy, by the name of Yves Delage, announced that the wounds, blood flows and rigor mortis was evidence that the image that was created was formed because of direct contact with a corpse. Further medical studies between 1936 and 1981 agreed with the statements made by Delage.
Further studies were performed by the scientific community. In 1988, testing was done using C14 Dating testing methods. Samples of the shroud was taken and 3 different tests were ran in the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, University of Oxford and the University of Arizona. They all concluded that the material came from 1260 – 1390 AD. This threw off all theories that the shroud was authentic because Jesus lived around 29 AD. It was later found that the samples were tampered with and the scientists that conducted the testing broke proper scientific protocol. It seems that a good attempt was made to try to make the shroud look like a fake.
Further studies from that time onward have revealed some remarkable findings. They were able to confirm that the man in the image had sustained a severe beating before his death because they found high traces of bilirubin in the blood which is a pigment that will show up in the bloodstream when someone experiences a traumatic beating. There were holes found on one of the hands suggesting he was also crucified. The other cannot be confirmed because it was being covered by the hand with the hole.
The location was confirmed because of flowers found on the shroud. Scientists confirmed that these flowers were from Jerusalem, which is the city Jesus lived in at the time. Closer observation also showed coins that covered each eye. On further inspection, scientists were able to confirm that the coins were from 29 AD which confirms the period Jesus had lived. The coins can only be found during that period because they were dedicated to the Emperor at the time and these coins could only be found in Israel.
The Shroud of Turin History is a fascinating journey of how this cloth came to be. If this is indeed the shroud that wrapped Jesus’ body after his crucifixion, it is a witness to the faith we should all have and learn to cultivate. It does indeed document the death of a man, but the way the image appeared is miracle. Maybe this is one way to learn to become believers by observing the facts without prejudice and an open heart.